Geographically and genetically isolated at a latitude of 40 degrees South, Tasmania is known for its unique flora and fauna.

Tasmania has extremely diverse vegetation, from the heavily grazed grassland of the dry Midlands to the tall evergreen eucalypt forest, alpine heathlands and large areas of cool temperate rainforests and moorlands in the rest of the state.

It is known for its vast, rugged wilderness areas largely protected within parks and reserves. Due to a low population and large untouched forests and coastal areas, Tasmania’s air quality is particularly high.